What HAPPENS to antibiotics AFTER THEY ENTER the body?

Benzylpenicillin, carboxypenicillins and ureidopenicillins largely lose their properties when taken orally under the action of hydrochloric acid of gastric juice, for this reason they are administered only intramuscularly. Phenoxymethylpenicillin, oxacillin and aminopenicillins are more stable in an acidic environment, and therefore can be administered orally. A very high degree of absorption in the gastrointestinal tract…

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LIST OF POSSIBLE UNDESIRABLE EFFECTS OF PENICILLIN ANTIBIOTICS

Allergic reactions: urticaria, rash, Quincke’s edema, fever, eosinophilia, bronchospasm, anaphylactic shock (more often when using benzylpenicillin). Measures to help with the development of anaphylactic shock: ensuring the airway patency, oxygen cushion, adrenaline, prednisone. From the Central nervous system: headache, tremors, convulsions (more often in children and in patients with renal insufficiency when using carbenicillin or…

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WHEN ANTIBIOTICS ARE PRESCRIBED

Natural penicillins. Diseases that are treated primarily with penicillin antibiotics include tonsillopharyngitis, scarlet fever, erysipelas, community-acquired pneumonia, meningitis, sepsis, meningococcal infections, syphilis, leptospirosis, tick-borne borreliosis, gas gangrene, and actinomycosis. There are antibiotics that need to be taken several times a day, and there are those that are taken once a month. They have a prolonged…

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GROUP OF ANTIBIOTICS

The group of antibiotics under the General name “penicillins” includes the following drugs: amoxicillin, ampicillin, ampicillin with sulbactam, benzylpenicillin, cloxacillin, coamoxylav (amoxicillin with clavualanic acid), Flucloxacillin, methicillin, oxacillin, phenoxymethylpenicillin. Cephalosporins: cefaclor, cefadroxil, cefixime, cefoperazone, Cefotaxime, cefoxitin, cefpirome, cefsulodin, ceftazidime, ceftizoxime, Ceftriaxone, cefuroxime, cephalexin, cephalothin, of cefamandol, Cefazolin, cefradine. Penicillins and cephalosporins together with the antibiotics…

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GENERAL FEATURES OF ANTIBACTERIAL DRUGS

Antibiotics are substances that selectively suppress the vital activity of microorganisms. “Selective influence” refers to the activity exclusively in the relationship of microorganisms while preserving the viability of host cells and the impact not on all, but only on certain genera and types of microorganisms. For example, fusidic acid has a high activity against staphylococci,…

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